The research team employs a comprehensive mixed-methods approach.

The team draws representative random samples from tax records of the nonprofit sector in each city, and administer a single survey across all cities with common modules on leadership, staffing, decision making, collaboration, advocacy, funding, impact, performance, digital practices, and community integration. Leadership of organizations will also be interviewed to build a comprehensive and nuanced understanding of an organization’s work.  

Cross-city comparative work of this scale and structure requires extensive collaboration with the global research team. Researchers from Stanford, the University of Washington, the University of California at Berkeley, Caliornia State East Bay, the University of New South Wales, the University of Technology – Sydney, and Wirtschaftsuniversität Wien will collaborate over the next three years to complete this project.

Cities are the regional sites of economic productivity and innovation. They are where citizens experience global problems most personally (e.g., immigration, climate change, the gains and disruptions of the new economy), and engage local governments in collective pursuit of (local) solutions. Cities sign multilateral treaties to reduce carbon emissions and collaborate with other cities to learn about sustainability solutions. City governments attempt to handle refugee crises and become sanctuary cities, even when their national states are inhospitable.

Considering the important role cities play in the social sector, little is known about the civic life of cities, outside of a few select studies of metropolitan communities. We conduct comparative cross-city research to shed light about the consequences of civic associational life for the vitality of urban areas.

CLCL focuses on five cities – the San Francisco Bay Area, Seattle (the Puget Sound Region, including Tacoma and Olympia), Shenzhen, China, Sydney, Australia, and Vienna, Austria.  These cities provide a unique landscape for the study. They are places where people migrate to and then have to deal with a constant influx of people.  San Francisco and Shenzhen are tech centers; Seattle and San Francisco are liberal west coast cities, Vienna and Sydney are in nations with strong social safety nets.

These cities are consequential “lifestyle” cities, noted for their quality of life, attention to public health issues, citizen involvement, and innovation. Although none are world financial capitals, such as Hong Kong, London or New York, they are all in the forefront of global rankings. Seattle, Sydney and Vienna are leaders in environmental sustainability. From its humble beginning as a fishing village, Shenzhen is now a mega-city, founded under China’s open door policy in 1978. Shenzhen was unique in its inception as a special economic zone, and the first city in China to adopt western urban development practices. It is now a hub for technology development and is known as China’s Silicon Valley. The independent and comparative analyses of these cities promises a rich perspective into the complex relationships between nonprofit organizations and their urban environments.